OA week 2020: Open access has never been more important

The theme of this year’s international open access week is “Open with Purpose: Taking Action to Build Structural Equity and Inclusion” The urgent necessity of the theme is outlined in this blog from SPARC, who coordinate the international event, which concludes: ”Diversity, equity, and inclusion must be consistently prioritized year-round and integrated into the fabric of the open community, from how our infrastructure is built to how we organize community discussions to the governance structures we use.” 

There are a number of movements happening now that seek to change academic publishing profoundly, including the use of preprints and the development of open, non-commercial infrastructure to support publishing. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to an explosion of public interest in research which has highlighted the importance of good communication. All of these factors highlight the potential for transformation in scholarly communication.

However, the COVID-19 pandemic has also brought to the fore many inequalities including in the way that women have been disproportionately affected, socially, financially and professionally. This disadvantage has extended to their underrepresentation in both research being conducted on the pandemic and in whose voices are being heard in public discussions about the pandemic. In Australia and New Zealand we have additional profound challenges, in the proper recognition and inclusion of Indigenous perspectives in research. 

This year, the Australasian Open Access Strategy Group (AOASG) has collaborated with a group of open access practitioners from the AOASG membership: Emma McLean, UNSW, Katya Henry, QUT, Luqman Hayes, AUT, Mary Filsell, Flinders, and Thomas Shafee, La Trobe who have developed a program of ten events across the week. This program brings together open access research practices, (such as preprints and open data) with broader principles (such as infrastructure, interconnectedness, and communication). The presenters, panels and workshops also aim to bring broader representation of voices to look at structural equity and inclusion from perspectives including citizen scientists and Indigenous researchers and specialists. We have also a specially recorded interview with Professor Peter Doherty, Nobel Laureate, who discusses scholarly publishing and open access.

The COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated that open research is crucial. By centering diversity, equity, and inclusion in open research this  movement has the ability to change academic research and publishing for the better. We hope that the events of this week will provide a starting point to take forward discussions and action to build the foundation for long term change.

Follow us on twitter @openaccess_anz #oaweek #openaccessaustralasia

Talking about OA week with Martin Borchert, AOASG Chair

To set the scene for OA week 2020 on the 19 – 25th October, AOASG Director Ginny Barbour interviewed the Chair of the AOASG Executive Committee, and University Librarian at UNSW, Martin Borchert. Martin spoke about open access and why it is so important, the AOASG’s role and why everyone should engage with the talks and workshops in OA week.

Martin Borchert, AOASG Chair and University Librarian at UNSW

Professor Peter Doherty talks Open Access

In one of our favourite activities for Open Access Week 2020, AOASG Director Ginny Barbour interviewed Nobel Laureate Professor Peter Doherty about his passion for science and research, and how publishing has changed during his career. Here’s a link to the first part of the conversation. The full interview will be available in Open Access week 19-25 October.

Professor Peter Doherty spoke to us from lockdown in Melbourne

Professor Peter Doherty is writing a fascinating weekly column Setting it Straight about science in the pandemic on the Doherty Institute website.

SAVE THE DATES for Open Access Week 2020

This year’s theme Open with Purpose has guided us in planning our activities for Open Access Week from 19-25 October.  We have a diverse line up of guest speakers and skill sharpening workshops across the week and our Australasian timezone.

In these COVID-19 times all sessions will be online which means anyone with an internet connection is able to take part – events will be held each week day of OA Week between 11am and 1pm AEST.

REGISTRATIONS OPENING SOON

Open with Purpose: Taking Action to Build Structural Equity and Inclusion

This year’s International Open Access Week theme has been released and builds on the previous two years’ themes around equity.  The 2020 OA Week Advisory Committee says “Rebuilding research and scholarship to be open by default presents a unique opportunity to construct a foundation that is fundamentally more equitable. Yet today, structural racism, discrimination, and exclusion are present and persistent in places where openness is a core value.”

The Committee aims to highlight how much of the infrastructure and established systems are built on “legacies of historic injustice” making it vital to addressing these inequities.

Planning for Open Access Week across Australia and New Zealand is well and truly underway with a timetable of stimulating guest speakers and workshops each day from Monday 19 to  Friday 23 October (11am -1pm AEST).   Registration for all events will be available soon.

You can download International OA Week graphics and resources here.

 

AOASG Newsletter July/August 2020

What’s in this issue?

What’s new in OA & scholarly publishing in AU & NZ
What’s new in OA & scholarly publishing globally
Recent writing & resources on OA
Upcoming events in OA & scholarly publishing

Advocacy for open access more crucial than ever
As with many groups, the pandemic has led us to rethink our priorities and work. What has become clear in the past few months is that open access has become newsworthy in itself, and important for the wider community. The challenge for the next few months is to continue to make the case carefully for open access – in particular by highlighting news from our region and around the world. We regard this newsletter as key to this effort and encourage you to share it widely and encourage colleagues to sign up. Given how much news there is at the moment, we definitely can’t include everything. We welcome any suggestions for specific or general topics to include.We’re expecting a theme for this year’s international Open Access Week to be announced very soon. We’re already in the process of planning some exciting events for this region. Please let us know your plans and we can add them to our website.  If you need some inspiration have a look at some of the events from last year’s festivities.Joining our community of practice in Australia is a great way to support open activities and share ideas, whether you are new to OA or wanting to discuss specific topics. We also participate in the New Zealand community of practice. Contact us here for more information.cOAlition S leaders to speak in next AOASG webinar
The Australasian Open Access Strategy Group, in partnership with cOAlition S, will present a webinar to highlight and discuss the new Plan S Rights Retention Strategy.  Ginny Barbour, Director AOASG, Robert Kiley, Head of Open Research at Wellcome and cOAlition S Coordinator and Johan Rooryck, Executive Director of cOAlition S will answer any questions you may have about this initiative.

OA moves quickly! For regular news updates, check out our Twitter account 

 

Contributions to the newsletter or the blog, especially notice of upcoming events, are welcome. Contact us here  

 

What’s new in OA & scholarly publishing in AU & NZ

New Trove upgrades
Late last month, Australia’s National Treasure -Trove began showing off its new look website and promoting its new collections (including a wide range of data).  For more than 10 years this collaboration between the National Library of Australia and hundreds of partner organisations around the country has been helping researchers  connect and bring more freely available, digitised items to an increasingly online community. Have a look.

It won’t be easy to keep COVID OA open
The Conversation article from Ginny Barbour talks about how the opening up of research on the coronavirus pandemic should be the new normal, but likely won’t be without concerted action.

Impact case studies submission call
The Australian Research Management Society (ARMS) is calling for submissions of impact case studies, and has developed a template, with a view to identifying skills to share with research management professionals. Visit the ARMS website for a copy of the template.

ANU Press in the time of Covid-19
James Fox, Chair of the Advisory Board of the ANU Press, discusses the history and current activity of ANU Press, which since March 2020 has seen a 44% rise in downloads.

National Archives call for input on policy
Australia’s National Archive is calling for policy advice on the management of information and data for government agencies.  The new Building trust in the public record: managing information and data for government and community is a policy to improve how Australian government agencies create, collect, manage and use information assets.

Copyright laws to be reviewed
The Australian Federal Minister for Communications, Cyber Safety and the Arts, the Hon Paul Fletcher MP has announced copyright reforms: ‘The reforms will set up a scheme to allow the use of material if the copyright owner cannot be found, introduce a fair dealing exception for non-commercial quotation, simplify and update copyright exceptions for educational and cultural institutions, and streamline the government statutory licensing scheme.” The ALCC has welcomed these reforms.

How Open Access Suddenly Became the Norm
AOASG Director,  Ginny Barbour spoke at a research symposium organised at QUT on 29 July 2020: IP & education in the age of COVID-19 . The  presentation is here

APEC meeting on Open Science
Ginny Barbour will be speaking at this regional meeting on 21st August, which is hosted by Malaysia.

International Open Access Week, a global event now entering its thirteenth year, is an opportunity for open access advocates to engage their communities to discuss the potential benefits of Open Access, to share what they’ve learned with colleagues, and to help inspire wider participation in helping to make Open Access a new norm in scholarship and research.

We’re expecting a theme for 2020 to be announced very soon, and are planning an exciting schedule of online events for October 19-23.

What’s new in OA & scholarly publishing globally

Plan S

Call to understand journal landscape for Diamond OA publishing
A new survey has been put together which is part of the Diamond Open Access Study commissioned by cOAlition S. Diamond OA is the publishing model where research is both free for authors to publish and free for readers to access. They are calling for assistance in three ways:

1. If you belong to the scientific or editorial team of a journal based on the Diamond model, we’d very much appreciate your considering completing this survey. (in EnglishGermanFrenchItalianSpanish and Portuguese)  NOTE: The survey will be open until the 25th of August 2020

2. If you know of a Diamond OA journal or platform that is not included in major databases, like DOAJ, please add their information to this spreadsheet or simply pass this appropriate survey link on to them, the English one being (see above for other languages): https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/GZQDBT5

3. We invite you to disseminate this message to your community to increase our outreach to as many quality journals as possible. A message is available in English, French, German, Italian, Spanish or Portuguese.

Change to grant conditions on CC attribution licences
The cOAlition S organisations will change their grant conditions to require that a Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC BY) is applied to all author accepted manuscripts (AAMs) or versions of record (VoR) reporting original research, supported in whole or in part by their funding. The AAM should be then immediately available at the time of publication. This rights retention strategy give researchers supported by a cOAlition S Organisation the freedom to publish in their journal of choice, and provides a huge boost to repository-based OA.  Read more.

Journal checker tool announced
In other cOAlition S news, they have awarded the tender to develop the Plan S Journal Checker Tool to Cottage Labs, a data services and software company experienced in managing OA data. This tool will be very important for the retaining rights policy.  Read more.

General News

Fox foundation OA policy
In the theme of progressive OA policies, the Michael J Fox Foundation, which funds research into new treatments and cures for Parkinson’s disease, has just released its new Open Access publication policy.

UNESCO convenes Open Science Advisory Committee
The first meeting was held in July. The 2-day online meeting gathered the 30 members of the Advisory Committee, along with some ten observers from UNESCO Permanent Delegations and the international scientific community dealing with Open Science. Read more

OA “crucial” in UFigure 3 - selected UK government funded R&D assets. Regional R&D intensity is calculated as Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D divided by Gross Domestic ProductK R&D road map 
The UK has released their R&D Roadmap with the requirement that research outputs funded by the UK government are freely available to the taxpayer to  ensure that UK research is cited and built on all over the world. They will mandate open publication and strongly incentivise open data sharing where appropriate, so that reproducibility is enabled, and knowledge is shared and spread collaboratively.
They will ensure that more modern research outputs are recognised and rewarded. “Crucially, we must embrace the potential of open research practices”.  Read more.
UK bodies call for publishers to cut costs
A price freeze on journal subscriptions will not be enough to avoid UK researchers losing access to key academic content, warn three major sector bodies representing academic library directors and higher education managers. RLUK, SCONUL, the professional association for academic and research libraries, and Jisc say that immediate reductions are necessary if institutions are to retain access to content. Read more
Tracking big cancellations
SPARC has made publicly available its Big Deal cancellation tracking data on a Google spreadsheet.
Finnish declaration covers 4 key areas
Finland’s research community will draft policies for four areas in its declaration for open science and research 2020–2025.  They are:     

  • Culture for open scholarship
  • Open access to scholarly publications
  • Open access of research data and methods
  • Open education and open access to educational resources. Read more

Canadian OA policy template
Canadian Association of Research Libraries announced the release of its Institutional Open Access Policy Template for Canadian institutions. Read more

Also in Canada, there is a new report in which CARL Member Libraries Quantify Their Investments in Open Scholarship  Read more

New CEO at Creative Commons
Catherine Stihler has been appointed the new CEO of Creative Commons. Catherine is the CEO of the Open Knowledge Foundation, and was a member of the European Parliament as a Scottish Labour Party politician (becoming the UK’s youngest MEP at the age of 25).

USA Uni libraries sharing the bid deal joy
College librarians who recently led their institutions through a fast-tracked Big Deal cancellations shared how they navigated the process in a SPARC forum this month. The  event focused on how the process of preparing for and executing a cancellation differs when the timeline needs to be compressed to a few months. Read more.

COVID-19

OpenAIRE COVID-19 resources
All of the records of the OpenAIRE COVID-19 Gateway (https://covid-19.openaire.eu/), Covid-19 publications, datasets, software and projects metadata are available in one place. View here

Internet Archive hits back 
The Internet Archive has fired back at the law suit filed against it by publishers over its National Emergency Library initiative which began in March as a response to Covid-19. The controlled digital lending system aimed to make almost 1.4 million books temporarily available to anyone who wanted them until the end of June or the end of the pandemic, without a wait list. Hachette Book Group, HarperCollins, John Wiley & Sons, and Penguin Random House filed a copyright infringement lawsuit in June claiming the site was a hub of piracy that had cost authors untold millions.  The archive has filed its response accusing the publishers of digital book burning which is “unprecedented and unfairly disadvantages people with print disabilities.”

Former US Sec of Homeland Security calls for Open to stay
President of the University of California and former US secretary of homeland security, Janet Napolitano writes in Inside Higher Ed  that after the COVID-19 crisis, the world can’t revert to its old ways of restricting knowledge and having tax payer funded research locked up behind paywalls. She says, “years from now, we will look back at this pandemic as a historic time of incredible challenges, disruption and anguish. But I hope we will also remember it as an inflection point — the end of restricting knowledge to a privileged few and the dawn of a new era in scientific progress.” Read more.

Preprints

Survey on preprints
In anticipation of Peer Review Week 2020, and in consideration of the theme Trust in Peer Review, Delta Think is currently surveying broadly to determine whether COVID-19 has had an impact on perceptions of preprints. The survey is open to everyone  with an interest in scientific outputs.

Making COVID-19 preprints easier to find
Europe PMC is now indexing full-text preprints related to the COVID-19 pandemic and the SARS-CoV-2 virus, as well as the underlying data. Read more

How to cite preprints
ASAPbio has provided guidance on citing preprints correctly. Read more

Reports

The OCLC has published its 2018/19 Survey of Open content Activity in Libraries. The report, Same Direction, Different Trajectories is the culmination of efforts from across the OCLC membership to answer the question “What is the status of open access and open content in libraries across the globe?” The underlying open content survey was conducted in 2018-2019 by the OCLC Global Council in partnership with staff from OCLC Research.  Read more.

EU Science statement on Research Assessment 
Science Europe has put out a position statement & recommendations on Researcher Assessment processes. The document presents a set of policy recommendations that can be used as a framework to guide the evaluation of these assessment processes. They were developed following an extensive study performed in 2019 and a comprehensive consultation process, and are intended for both Science Europe Member Organisations and other research organisations. Read More

Repositories

Zenodo drops Altmetrics badge
CERN-hosted open access repository, Zenodo has stopped using the Altmetrics badge on its records, after the free service was discontinued.  Zenodo has decided  the badge is not aligned with its core value of Open Data.  They will now look for a solution based on Open Data that enables users to discover the online conversation about their work, and make this solution available for other repositories to use via the InvenioRDM platform. Read more.

Recent writing & resources on OA

What we’re reading

Questionable Publishing Practice? Are you harmed? by Antony Ley & Gary Allen

Open science for responsible innovation in Australia: understanding the expectations and priorities of scientists and researchers Justine Lacey, Rebecca Coates & Matthew Herington

Labour of Love: An Open Access Manifesto for Freedom, Integrity, and Creativity in the Humanities and Interpretive Social Sciences – by Andrea E. Pia, Simon Batterbury, Agnieszka Joniak-Lüthi, Marcel LaFlamme, Gerda Wielander, Filippo M. Zerilli, Melissa Nolas, Jon Schubert, Nicholas Loubere, Ivan Franceschini, Casey Walsh, Agathe Mora, and Christos Varvantakis

After Open Access: collaborative publishing for social and environmental justice – Statement by European Journal of Cultural Studies, European Journal of Women’s Studies, Feminist Legal Studies, Feminist Theory and The Sociological Review.

This tool is saving universities millions of dollars in journal subscriptions – Science AAAS blog

Knowledge and equity: analysis of three models – Heather Morrison & Anis Rahman IAMCR Online 2020

Sharing research with academia and beyond: Insights from early career researchers in Australia and Japan – Margaret Merger &Shannon Mason

Sharing Indigenous Cultural Heritage Online: An Overview of GLAM Policies 
Brigitte Vézina and Alexis Muscat

Open access resources

New Toys

Try this new tool – How to FAIR – from the Danish National Forum for Research Data Management, with support from the Danish e-Infrastructure Cooperation (DeiC).

Upcoming events in OA & scholarly publishing

Many conferences have been postponed. Some of those being held online are below.


OASPA Online Conference on Open Access Scholarly Publishing 2020
21-25 September 2020

eResearch Australia Conference link
eResearch Australasia
19-23 October 2020

Online November 9-13, 2020

This is a great time to get in touch with (or even start!) local and online initiatives such as Hacky Hours. AERO has a list of resources here

Want more OA news?

We can’t cover everything here!  This is a curated list of items that caught our eye and/or which seem especially relevant to OA in this region. For daily updates the best source is the Open Access Tracking Project or if you prefer to be more selective, our Twitter account which has posts throughout each day.

The newsletter archive provides snapshots of key issues throughout the year. Other ways to keep in touch with discussions at AOASG include joining our community of practice calls or the listserve.

Follow us via twitter @openaccess_anz  or online at  http://aoasg.org.au

Please get in touch if you have ideas for the newsletter
or on anything to do with Open Access in Australasia.

Newsletter compiled by Sandra Fry and Virginia Barbour, AOASG.

Sent this newsletter from a colleague? Subscribe here.

Copyright © 2019 Australasian Open Access Strategy Group,
Published under a CCBY 4.0  license.

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Science publishing has opened up during the coronavirus pandemic. It won’t be easy to keep it that way

Image from Shutterstock (The Conversation)

This article by Virginia Barbour from Queensland University of Technology  was originally published in The Conversation on 28 July, 2020

Scientific publishing is not known for moving rapidly. In normal times, publishing new research can take months, if not years. Researchers prepare a first version of a paper on new findings and submit it to a journal, where it is often rejected, before being resubmitted to another journal, peer-reviewed, revised and, eventually, hopefully published.

All scientists are familiar with the process, but few love it or the time it takes. And even after all this effort – for which neither the authors, the peer reviewers, nor most journal editors, are paid – most research papers end up locked away behind expensive journal paywalls. They can only be read by those with access to funds or to institutions that can afford subscriptions.

What we can learn from SARS

The business-as-usual publishing process is poorly equipped to handle a fast-moving emergency. In the 2003 SARS outbreaks in Hong Kong and Toronto, for example, only 22% of the epidemiological studies on SARS were even submitted to journals during the outbreak. Worse, only 8% were accepted by journals and 7% published before the crisis was over.

Fortunately, SARS was contained in a few months, but perhaps it could have been contained even quicker with better sharing of research.

Fast-forward to the COVID-19 pandemic, and the situation could not be more different. A highly infectious virus spreading across the globe has made rapid sharing of research vital. In many ways, the publishing rulebook has been thrown out the window.



Read more:
The hunt for a coronavirus cure is showing how science can change for the better


Preprints and journals

In this medical emergency, the first versions of papers (preprints) are being submitted onto preprint servers such as medRxiv and bioRxiv and made openly available within a day or two of submission. These preprints (now almost 7,000 papers on just these two sites) are being downloaded millions of times throughout the world.

However, exposing scientific content to the public before it has been peer-reviewed by experts increases the risk it will be misunderstood. Researchers need to engage with the public to improve understanding of how scientific knowledge evolves and to provide ways to question scientific information constructively.



Read more:
Researchers use ‘pre-prints’ to share coronavirus results quickly. But that can backfire


Traditional journals have also changed their practices. Many have made research relating to the pandemic immediately available, although some have specified the content will be locked back up once the pandemic is over. For example, a website of freely available COVID-19 research set up by major publisher Elsevier states:

These permissions are granted for free by Elsevier for as long as the Elsevier COVID-19 resource centre remains active.

Publication at journals has also sped up, though it cannot compare with the phenomenal speed of preprint servers. Interestingly, it seems posting a preprint speeds up the peer-review process when the paper is ultimately submitted to a journal.

Open data

What else has changed in the pandemic? What has become clear is the power of aggregation of research. A notable initiative is the COVID-19 Open Research Dataset (CORD-19), a huge, freely available public dataset of research (now more than 130,000 articles) whose development was led by the US White House Office of Science and Technology Policy.

Researchers can not only read this research but also reuse it, which is essential to make the most of the research. The reuse is made possible by two specific technologies: permanent unique identifiers to keep track of research papers, and machine-readable conditions (licences) on the research papers, which specify how that research can be used and reused.

These are Creative Commons licences like those that cover projects such as Wikipedia and The Conversation, and they are vital for maximising reuse. Often the reading and reuse is done now at least in a first scan by machines, and research that is not marked as being available for use and reuse may not even be seen, let alone used.

What has also become important is the need to provide access to data behind the research papers. In a fast-moving field of research not every paper receives detailed scrutiny (especially of underlying data) before publication – but making the data available ensures claims can be validated.

If the data can’t be validated, the research should be treated with extreme caution – as happened to a swiftly retracted paper about the effects of hydroxychloroquine published by The Lancet in May.



Read more:
Not just available, but also useful: we must keep pushing to improve open access to research


Overnight changes, decades in the making

While opening up research literature during the pandemic may seem to have happened virtually overnight, these changes have been decades in the making. There were systems and processes in place developed over many years that could be activated when the need arose.

The international licences were developed by the Creative Commons project, which began in 2001. Advocates have been challenging the dominance of commercial journal subscription models since the early 2000s, and open access journals and other publishing routes have been growing globally since then.

Even preprints are not new. Although more recently platforms for preprints have been growing across many disciplines, their origin is in physics back in 1991.

Lessons from the pandemic

So where does publishing go after the pandemic? As in many areas of our lives, there are some positives to take forward from what became a necessity in the pandemic.

The problem with publishing during the 2003 SARS emergency wasn’t the fault of the journals – the system was not in place then for mass, rapid open publishing. As an editor at The Lancet at the time, I vividly remember we simply could not publish or even meaningfully process every paper we received.

But now, almost 20 years later, the tools are in place and this pandemic has made a compelling case for open publishing. Though there are initiatives ongoing across the globe, there is still a lack of coordinated, long term, high-level commitment and investment, especially by governments, to support key open policies and infrastructure.

We are not out of this pandemic yet, and we know that there are even bigger challenges in the form of climate change around the corner. Making it the default that research is open so it can be built on is a crucial step to ensure we can address these problems collaboratively.The Conversation

Virginia Barbour, Director, Australasian Open Access Strategy Group, Queensland University of Technology

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Fair beyond data webinar now online

Fair beyond data

Presented by ARDC’s Natasha Simons, AOASG Director Ginny Barbour, CAUL’s Angus Cooke & Martin Borchert AOASG Chair & UNSW University Librarian

FAIR was never intended to be just for research data. Increasingly, the FAIR principles are being applied to diverse research outputs and hence a variety of organisations from publishers to institutions are involved in implementing policies and processes to support FAIR. This joint CAUL/ AOASG webinar, facilitated by ARDC, discusses FAIR from a number of different perspectives and will propose some simple approaches institutions might take to support FAIR.  Click the icon below to access webinar on YouTube.

Listen to the webinar here